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Current smoking is associated with a low prevalence of thyroid auto-antibodies. On the other hand, smoking withdrawal enhances thyroid autoantibody level and may be a risk factor for development of hypothyroidism. Aim of the study was to assess the association between smoking habits (smoking cessation in particular) and development of autoimmune hypothyroidism.
Smoking cessation is followed by a sharp but transient rise in the incidence of overt autoimmune hypothyroidism - A population-based case-control study
Carlé A, Pedersen IB, Knudsen N, Perrild H, Ovesen L, Rasmussen LB, Jørgensen T, Laurberg P.
Department of Endocrinology & Medicine, Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark